As people become more sedentary and the incidence of obesity in our community increases, so does the number of people with Type 2 Diabetes (T2DM). In 2002, 16.4% of Australians had been diagnosed with T2DM, with a further 0.7% increase in diagnosed type 2 diabetes every year. That is a lot of people.
Since this type of Diabetes is related to lifestyle, the major risk factors for developing T2DM is inactivity and excessive consumption of kilojoules, through food intake, in relation to the amount of energy used.
Exercise can reduce the incidence of T2DM by nearly 60% in people at risk.
Research has found that exercise:
- reducing blood sugar levels
- prevents further cell damage and the onset of related diseases, such as heart disease
- improves body composition and reduces obesity (lower BMI and body fat percentage)
- increases cardiorespiratory fitness
- enhance wellbeing and mental health
- prevents pre-diabetes evolving into T2DM
Further benefits of exercise with type 2 diabetics include reduced risk of neuropathies (nerve damage), retinopathies (eye damage) and nephropathy (kidney damage).
Although aerobic (cardio) exercise has been proven to decrease body fat, it may not be essential in reducing blood sugar levels into a healthy range. This type of training is beneficial for related diseases such as cardiovascular and respiratory diseases.
Resistance exercise has been found to have better improvements on sugar levels. This is due to muscles becoming larger and more efficient, leading to greater removal through energy expenditure. This in turn means less sugar will be left in the blood stream, therefore sugar levels will be lower.
Consequently, it is common practice that diabetics participate in both modalities of exercise to target current health problems and avoid further risks and disease.
Stacey, our Accredited Exercise Physiologist, specialises in supporting people with Diabetes and is now running a specailised exercise class for poeple with pre-diabetes and diabetes. Private clients are welcome, as are those with EPC referrals from their General Practitioner.
For more information contact us now. Class sizes are strictly limted.